Zhang Zhong Jing & ” Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases”
A : Hi, listeners, welcome to today’s Chinese medicine class.
B: Today we are going to tell about the medical sage Zhang zhongjing and his medical masterpiece ” Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases “.
A: At the end of the Eastern Han dynasty, there were wars and epidemics, and thousands of people were devoured by diseases. Zhang zhongjing’s family was a big one, but more than 100 people died in less than 10 years, mostly caused by cold pathogenic disease.
Zhang zhongjing made up his mind to study medicine and paid special attention to the diagnosis and treatment of cold pathogenic disease. Finally, he combined his predecessors’ experience with his own clinical achievements to complete the medical masterpiece Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases.
Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases has a profound impact in history and is a required textbook for learning traditional Chinese medicine.
The part of Cold Pathogenic summarized some rules of exogenous diseases, while the part of miscellaneous diseases mainly discussed miscellaneous diseases of Internal, external, gynecological and other miscellaneous diseases.
His contribution lies in the close combination of the theoretical principles of The yellow emperor’s Canon with clinical practice, and the arrangement and promotion of the scattered experience of medicine, prescription and diagnosis before the eastern Han dynasty, so as to make it more systematic.
The prescriptions selected in the book are also very practical and effective, and are called “Jing fang（Classic formula.）” by later generations.
B: Yes, the reason why Zhang zhongjing is called a medical sage by later generations is also because of the magical effect of his book ” Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases ” in the treatment of diseases, Among which, Jing fang is now widely used in clinical diagnosis and treatment, and adding and subtracting drugs according to symptoms can treat many clinical diseases.
A: Do you know that Zhang zhongjing is a legendary person? He once served as the head of the government of Changsha. During his tenure, he provided free medical services for the local people by sitting in the hall of the government. So now people call outpatient doctors “sitting doctors”.
B: Wow, I see. Did you know that the custom of eating dumplings on the winter solstice also comes from Zhongjing?
A: I’m a little out of my mind about this. Please tell me about it.
B: It was said that Zhang zhongjing back to hometown to celebrate the Spring Festival in Nanyang, where he met a lot of hungry people, whose ears, hands and feet were frozen out of frostbite, Zhong jing wrote prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine and set up a large pot to distribute decoction for these people. The rest of the medicine was chopped up and wrapped in flour in the shape of ears for everyone to eat.
To remember Zhong jing and to prevent diseases, people formed the custom of eating dumplings on the day of winter solstice.
A: It can be seen that Zhangzhongjing was not only a great doctor, but also an official who cared for the people.
B: Yes, I think it is because of Zhang zhongjing’s Good thoughts of dedication to the people and his persistent study of medicine that his book ” Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases ” finally came out.
A: Well. There are many more stories about Zhong jing. If you are interested, you can learn more about him.
B: That’s all for today’s program. Thanks for listening. See you later.
Translated by Wang Xiang Li, Hangzhou (China) in February 2020